Health

What Are Some Causes of Hair Loss?

While there are many causes of hair loss, dandruff is one of the easiest to treat. You can buy a shampoo that contains zinc pyrithione and other exfoliating ingredients like triclosan, or you can try a shampoo such as Oribe Serene Scalp Anti-Dandruff Shampoo, which costs $46 at Dermatome. Consistency is the key.

Menopause

One of the most common causes of hair loss is menopause. The change in hormone levels in women during this time of life causes the follicle to produce less oil. This accounts for the brittle appearance of hair, which is also thinner and finer as women age. As a result, the follicle becomes smaller and the hair grows slower. Women experiencing menopause often complain about hair loss during this time.

Aside, from the effects on hair follicles, menopausal women also experience night sweats and hot flashes. To reduce these effects, you should drink plenty of water. Additionally, drinking water will flush toxins out of your body. In addition, you can make lifestyle and nutritional changes to reduce the frequency and severity of menopause-related hair loss. Stress management will also help reduce the symptoms of menopause. Yoga and tai chi are also effective techniques to reduce stress.

Medications

Anticoagulants, also known as warfarin, heparin, or anti-seizure medications, can cause hair loss.  Visible scalp through work by preventing blood clots that can lead to heart disease and stroke. Often, telogen effluvium occurs after about 12 weeks of medication. Other medications that cause hair loss include warfarin sodium (Sofarin), heparin injections, and allopurinol, a drug commonly used for gout.

Certain drugs are linked to hair loss, including antidepressants and blood pressure medicines. Certain antidepressants, such as bupropion and naltrexone, can lead to hair loss. Some anticoagulants, such as warfarin and lisinopril, can cause hair loss. These effects take weeks or even months to develop. Similarly, certain anticonvulsant medications, like atorvastatin and simvastatin, can cause hair loss. Drugs used to treat arthritis may also cause hair loss. Anticonvulsants can result in anagen effluvium, a type of hair loss characterized by thinning and shedding hair.

Folliculitis decalvans

Although the exact cause of folliculitis decalvans isn’t known, some experts speculate that it is triggered by a strong immune response to a common bacteria found on the skin. Staphylococcus aureus is found on the skin of most people without causing any problems, but people with this condition have a heightened immune response. In addition to its hair-loss effects, the disease is often associated with skin irritation, itchy scalp, and tightness.

While the scalp is the most common site affected, folliculitis decalvans can also affect armpits, the pubic area, and even the skin under the beard. Symptoms of folliculitis decalvans can include scaly patches of skin, bald spots, and pustules that resemble acne. Some people with this disorder develop a sensitivity to Staphylococcus aureus, which is naturally present on the skin and nose.

Inherited baldness

Inherited baldness is characterized by a pattern thinning and loss of hair, often starting in men after the age of 30. The onset of hair loss may also occur later in life, after puberty. The pattern of hair loss is believed to be determined by genes passed down from one parent to another. These genes are thought to play a role in determining how sensitive the scalp is to DHT, a hormone that shortening the hair growth phase and results in fewer, finer hairs.

Several studies have found genetic variants associated with the development of baldness. In the largest published genome-wide association study, eight independent loci were linked to baldness. The top AR SNP had an odds ratio of 2.2 in a case-control meta-analysis. Another genetic locus linked to baldness is found in the gene for Parkinson’s disease. Although more studies are needed to confirm the association between genetic variants and baldness, the results from this study suggest that a small number of genes are responsible for this condition.

Treatment options

80% of men and women will suffer from hair loss at some point in their lives. It can be caused by genetics, medication, or changes in hormone levels. The most common type of treatment for hair loss is medical. One such medicine is Minoxidil, sold under the brand name Rogaine(r), which is a synthetic chemical that enlarges hair follicles and extends the growth phase. Several clinical studies have shown that the drug can reverse hair loss by ninety-two percent in patients.

Conclusion

Medical treatment for hair loss includes medication, acupuncture, and lifestyle changes. Surgical procedures may be necessary in severe cases of hair loss. The cost of hair transplant surgery is high, with several thousand dollars required depending on the number of grafts needed. However, it is important to know that hair loss is a symptom of an underlying medical condition, not the cause. Some hair loss is temporary and may self-correct and return in six to nine months.

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