In order to stop the spread of respiratory illnesses, surgical masks and N95 respirators are utilised. They are distinct from other kinds of masks worn to protect against pollution or dust and are an element of health workers’ personal protective equipment (PPE). A surgical mask is meant to catch sprays and droplets from sneezing and coughing and is loose-fitting. Mask respirators provide a more secure fit and protection from tiny airborne particles. Surgical mask stop the wearer from spreading germs and viruses, whereas p2 face mask online respirators protect the user from diseases. Medical professionals are advised to wear surgical masks, especially when both the patient and the worker are wearing one, even if they do not provide complete protection against the coronavirus.
Reusable Masks Are Hazardous
Because surgical masks and P2 respirators are disposable, the strong and ongoing demand is understandable. Once utilised, their outer layer could get contaminated. Additionally, the mouth’s wetness gradually modifies the filters’ filtering abilities. As a result, masks are only effective for a short period (four hours for surgical masks and one day for P2 respirators), and handling or reusing them increases the danger of infection. Thus, the plan is to use inexpensive, replaceable protective gear that can be safely thrown away.
The production of masks is a somewhat complex process.
Surgical masks are simple items that are reasonably priced (when they are not in short supply). 6 But the process of producing them is rather complex, requiring various inputs and assembling many elements. 7 Masks’ filtering ability results from their multi-layered, non-woven fabric construction. The material that is in usable form is the most frequently is polypropylene, a polymer made from crude oil. To create fibres with a small diameter and a random pattern that can trap small particles, polypropylene is “melt-blown.” Particles are drawn to the electrically charged fibres as the air flows through them (electret treatment).
Afterwards, various non-woven and textile layers are put together using ultrasonic welding. The bare minimum is three layers:
- A melt-blown electret non-woven filter layer in contact with the mouth that can absorb moisture (often white).
- A protective outer layer against liquid splashes.
- An inner layer that is in direct contact with the mouth.
The inner and outer layers might be made of cotton or fabric.
Facemask Value Chain
One of the commonly used polymers in the world is polypropylene (PP), where distribution is quick because it is a polymer made from oil. Because it is used in disposable wipes, feminine hygiene products, baby diapers, the construction and automotive industries, and other products, PP non-woven fabric production is also widespread. Due to the significant initial investment needed in heavy machineries, such as hoppers, melt spinning systems and extruders is a specialised fabric that is only produced by small businesses internationally. Because of this, it has been more challenging to boost supply during the crisis or to locate businesses that can swiftly move to this output.
Thus, every nation must find a way to provide the rising demand for p2 face mask online. As governments encourage businesses to transfer production and businesses recognise new business prospects, certain nations have built up additional production capacity, and supply is anticipated to rise further. The goal should be to reinstate a more cooperative and open trade climate where export restrictions remain no hindrance. The face mask global value chain can fully supply those in need, especially in nations where the epidemic is spreading.